# Chapter 13for loops within for loops

In some cases, you may want to use nested loops to accomplish a task. When using nested loops, it is important to use different variables for each one of your loops.

In the example below, we used a nested for framework which printed the product of i and n, where n was part of the nested for and was a sequence from 1 to 3, and then i, which was also a sequence from 1 to 3, was part of the outer loop.

for (i in 1:3) {
for (n in 1:3) {
print(i * n)
}
}
##  1
##  2
##  3
##  2
##  4
##  6
##  3
##  6
##  9

Specifically, the operation above beings as follows:

1. i takes the first value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$i = 1$$;
2. n takes the first value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$n = 1$$;
3. The product of the current value of i and n is computed and printed, i.e. $$i \times n = 1 \times 1 = 1$$;
4. n takes the second value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$n = 2$$;
5. The product of the current value of i and n is computed and printed, i.e. $$i \times n = 1 \times 2 = 2$$;
6. n takes the third value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$n = 3$$;
7. The product of the current value of i and n is computed and printed, i.e. $$i \times n = 1 \times 3 = 3$$;
8. i takes the second value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$i = 2$$;
9. The product of the current value of i and n is computed and printed, i.e. $$i \times n = 2 \times 1 = 2$$;
10. n takes the second value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$n = 2$$;
11. The product of the current value of i and n is computed and printed, i.e. $$i \times n = 2 \times 2 = 4$$;
12. n takes the third value from 1 to 3, i.e. $$n = 3$$;
13. The product of the current value of i and n is computed and printed, i.e. $$i \times n = 2 \times 3 = 6$$;
14. Would you be able to follow up with the rest of the iteration?